# Circles in Coordinate Geometry

The equations of circles take the form:

(x-a)²+(y-b)² = r²

where (a, b) is the centre of the circle, and r is the radius.

When the equation of circle is expressed in the form x²+2cx+y²+2dy+e=0, the centre of the circle is (-c, -d) and the radius is √(c²+d²-e).

## Using the Graphic Calculator to obtain a sketch of the circle:

Here’s how you can use the Graphic Calculator (Ti-84) to obtain the equation of the curve:

Step 1: Press [Apps]

Step 2: Select conics

Step 3: Select circle

Step 4: Select the form of the equation that you have (either option 1 or 2)

Step 4: Type in the parameters

i.e. H, K and R for option 1; A, B, C and D for option 2.

Step 5: Press [Graph]

## Sketching Circles using the graphic calculator

Example 1: Using the graphic calculator, sketch x²+2x+y²-4y+1=0

Worked solutions:

We will use the option 2 form (see step 4) since the equation given is closer to that form:

Sketch given on the GC:

Example 2: Using the graphic calculator, sketch (x-1)²+(y+2)² = 4

Worked Solutions

We will use the option 1 form (see step 4) since the equation given is closer to that form:

Sketch given on the GC:

error: Content is protected !!